Московский метрополитен (Moscow Metro) is the fastest and most simple way to go around Moscow and its suburb. In 1935, the first part of the Сокольническая линия (Sokolnicheskaya line) was opened to the public from станция “Сокольники” (Sokolnik station) to станция “Парк Культуры” (Park kultury station), with a branch going to станция “Смоленская” (Smolenskaya station). The line was 11 kilometres long and had 13 stations.
Nowadays, the подземная система (underground system) covers the Russian capital with its 301.2 km of route, 12 lines and 182 stations. An average of 6.5 millions пассажиры (passengers) are using the metro every day. It is the second most heavily used underground system in the world after Tokyo.
The Moscow Metro, mainly build underground, is famous for the depth of its tunnel, the deepest section, 84 meters below ground, being situated at станция “Парк Победы” (Park Pobedy station). It is also very efficient with an average of 2.5 minutes between each train during the day, but the interval can drop to 90 seconds during “часы пик” (rush hours).
But the most striking about the Moscow Metro are certainly the stations themselves, richly, beautifully decorated with white, pink, black and red marble coming from different parts of the country, mosaics, chandeliers and sculptures. Because of this remarkable work of art from the социалистический реализм (socialism realism) period, these stations are called “Подземная Палата” (Underground Palaces). It is worth travelling on the Кольцевая линия (circle line) and have a look at each station.
The metro lines can be identified either by a number (from 1 to 12), a colour or its name. Most of the interconnecting station have a different name.
An announcement is made inside the metro at each station. A male voice is used on all the trains going towards the centre, while you can hear a female voice on the trains going away from it. On the circle line, the male voice is used on clockwise direction and female voice counter clockwise direction. The announcement inside the metro indicates the name of the line. When arriving at a station the voice gives the name of the station and the connection with other lines. For example:
Станция Лубянка. Переход на линию Таганско-Краснопрененская. (Lubyanka station. Interconnection with the line Tagansko- Krasnopresnenskaya)
When the train leaves the station the voice indicates the next station:
Следующая станция Охотный Ряд. (Next station Akhotny Ryad)